While none of these biological control agents are successfully in use, recent studies have found positive results for the control of RPW using entomopathogenic nematodes.Control practices using chemicals is one of the quick solves of pest problems.Although pesticides have hazardous effects on the environment and consumers of crops, its application in some cases is necessity.Out break of pest population, scarcity of biological agents, the quick deterioration of trees and the economical factors give a power view to apply pesticides in very limited extremes.There were significant differences between pheromone lures in the rates of weevils captured over the course of the study in each the two sites.This fluctuation can also be noted between each week of each month.Therefore, it is recommended whenever possible that dollops be applied directly to the trunks of older palms and nonhost plants to eliminate the possibility of infesting young, susceptible palms. In this context, the SPLAT RPW formulation could be used as a baitfree pheromone to attract and kill RPW adults captured in and around heavily infested plantations, which may substantially enhance the efficiency of an areawide RPW IPM program.Furthermore, in addition to the elimination of food baits, and also eliminate the need to add insecticide solutions to the traps.These factors should be taken into account in an areawide operation.In given the results of our study, ISCA lure pheromone and SPLAT could replace local lure in RPW IPM programs.It concluded that the SPLAT and ISCA lure have the potential to become useful tools for areawide RPW IPM and eradication programs when applied to trees at a high density of point sources in the target area.In addition, longterm eld studies are needed to determine the levels of weevil infestation in palms.In addition, national integrated management program for the RPW should be implemented using these new trapping systems in all agricultural and urban areas.The government should have the coordinating and regulatory authority.Phytoparasitica. During the cold period, the animals in extensive, intensive and semiextensive systems gained in body weight at a rate of, and gper day, respectively.The higher gain of animals during the cold period in semiextensive <a href="http://www.targetmol.com/compound/GS-7340">Targetmol's
Tenofovir alafenamide</a> system was related to a sustained higher intake of lowquality roughage and more efficient use of the available feed.Compared to intensive system, the annual concentrate input of the semiintensive system was about lower for each livestock unit.The productivity of the semiintensive system was higher than the extensive system.Strategies to reduce waste from animal husbandry activities and the negative impact of animal husbandry on environment have been described and strategies to change the basic standard for sheep and goats productions into high standard of nutritional, hygienic, and technological quality have been analyzed. In the village system, the flocks are allowed on the natural communal grazing pastures, or irrigated lands, or even mountain ranges in summer.In the tribal migratory system, the flocks migrate annually from the lowland winter ranges to the higher mountain grazing area in the summer.Both systems are extensive and the animals are mostly kept on natural vegetation of the range and farm lands with a little supplementary feeding.